Ratu Boko Temple: History

RBoko by www.wisataku.id 1

Ratu Boko is an archaeological site in the form of royal palace of Old Mataram Kingdom from 8th century According to the history of Old Mataram Kingdom, Ratu Boko palace was used by the Sailendra Dinasty (Rakai Pikatan) long before the time of King Samaratungga (the establishment of Borobudur Temple).

Beside leaving the historical evidence in the form of inscroptions scattered in Java, the Old Mataram Kingdom built many temples, both Hindu and Buddhist patterned. The finding of gold artifact in Wonoboyo indicate the richness of art and culture. That temples are Kalasan temple, Plaosan Temple, Prambanan temple, Sewu Temple, Mendut Temple, Pawon Temple, Borobudur temple, and many more.

According to the ancient inscription that was mad by Rakai Panangkaran in 746 – 784 AD, at the beginning the building around Ratu Boko heritage site is called Abhayagiri Wihara.

Abhaya means no danger of peace. Abhayagiri means the Buddhist monks dormitory (vihara) that is located a the peaceful area on top of the hill. In the next period between 856 – 863 AD. Abhayagiri Wihara changed its name become Walang Kraton that proclaimed by Vasal Rakai named Rakai Walaing Pu Kumbayoni. Mantayasih inscriptions, which was built in 898 – 908 AD by Rakai Watukara Dyah Balitung, still mentioned Walang as the pedigree of Punta Tarka who made Mantyasih inscription. From the beginning of 10th century until the end of 16th century, there is no news about Kraton Walaing.

The name of Ratu Boko comes from local people folk. Ratu Boko (in Javanese language means the king Heron) was the father of Loro Jonggrang, which become the name of the main temple at Prambanan temple complex.



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